Home Health A Guide to Physiotherapy: Diagnosis and Treatments

A Guide to Physiotherapy: Diagnosis and Treatments


Physiotherapy, also referred to as physical therapy, involves assessing, diagnosing, and treating a vast range of disorders, diseases, and disabilities using physical methods. Physiotherapy is performed by physical therapists or physiotherapists, and is considered within the area of conventional practice of medicine. Methods for diagnosis often vary, and depend upon the situation, although physical examinations and screening are often utilized for evaluation of the condition. Treatments can comprise of a vast range of practices, including things like the use of heat or electricity, massage, and assistance with using mobility machines such as crutches and walkers.

Assessment of Patient’s Condition

A large number of practitioners begin physio therapeutic procedure with an evaluation of the patient’s ailment. This normally may include a review of a patient’s medical record and a physical checkup. Physiotherapists often regard the medical history review a subjective exam, because the patient’s viewpoints or past experiences may affect it. They consider the physical exam, however, to be more objective, as obvious and confirmed symptoms are the primary issue. The assessment stage may, in some cases, entail diagnostic tests to better examine the patient’s health condition and develop an efficient treatment plan.

Proper Diagnosis

Once testing is done, then physiotherapists look at the results to identify the issues facing their patients. This can range from very minor problems, such as damaged or pulled muscles, to nerve damage or severe injuries that induce pain and lack of mobility. Other specialists may be consulted in physiotherapy to figure out the best, comprehensive course of action for a patient, although this depends on the circumstance.

Required Treatment

Treatment is guided by the results of the evaluation. Based on the unique needs of the individual, physical therapists may apply various physiotherapeutic treatment options. Such methods may include cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal, and integumentary or “skin-based” physiotherapy methods. Physio-therapeutic treatment methods are continuously expanding as the field evolves.

Common forms of therapy may include massage and the application of cold or heat to relax and help muscles to heal. Treatment can also include the use of mild electric shocks to stimulate muscles, which can aid in rehabilitation for some patients. Recovery from accidents or surgery can necessitate very restrained forms of therapy, to be sure further damage is not triggered; physiotherapy usually relies on patience while waiting for bones and muscles to recover.

Other Treatments and Methods

Along with the physiotherapeutic procedures used in treatment, physiotherapists often provide patients with recommendations for using equipment like walking devices and mobility support. Reputable physiotherapists strive to help patients keep informed about their particular health issues and required treatment options. Patient education is typically a key element in the effectiveness of physiotherapy.


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